Here’s a look at some interesting events that took place on this day in history:

1936 – Italian dictator Benito Mussolini proclaims the Rome-Berlin Axis, establishing the alliance of the Axis Powers (More info)

1948 – In the greatest upset in presidential election history, Democratic incumbent Harry S. Truman defeats his Republican challenger, New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey (More info)

1959 – ‘Twenty One’ game show contestant Charles Van Doren admits to a Congressional committee that he had been given questions and answers in advance (More info)

1976 – Jimmy Carter is elected, becoming the first US president from the deep South since the Civil War (More info)

1983 – President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating Martin Luther King, Jr. Day (More info)